Shin Splints

Understanding Shin Splints

Shin splints (medial tibial stress syndrome) is an injury that involves pain radiating along the shin bone, also known as the tibia. The tibia is the large bone at the front of the lower portion of your leg. If you participate in activities that put a lot of strain on that part of the leg (such as running, track and field, soccer, football, dancing, or gymnastics), you might already be familiar with this pain.

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Pain is the most common symptom when it comes to shin splints, but you might also feel soreness or tenderness in the tibia/lower part of the front of your leg. Swelling is also a common factor.

Causes and Risk Factors

Shin splints happen when there the shinbone suffers from repeated, severe stress. That stress radiates outward to the surrounding tissues that connect to the bone and cause pain. As mentioned, activities that put pressure on the shin bone will put you at a higher risk of getting shin splints. Additionally, if you have high arches or flat feet, as well as if you suddenly change up your exercise routine, you may find yourself with shin splints.

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Treatment and Prevention

Two of the simplest and best ways to try and prevent shin splints are using supportive footwear and modifying your exercise routine. Try to stick to exercises that don’t put extra strain on your tibia.

If you are unsuccessful in preventing shin splints, reaching out to a medical professional is always a good idea. Additionally, you can try over the counter medicine to alleviate pain and swelling.


Shin splints are a common, yet painful, ailment. If you have shin splints and you’re hoping to get a treatment plan in place so you can get back to your daily grind, then give us a call! We have an elite team of orthopedic specialists ready to help!

Additional Resources

Shin splints- Mayo Clinic

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